on creation and application of a new method of active influence on atmospheric processes for managing weather conditions and prevention of extreme meteorological phenomena.
The proposal is aimed at creating an enterprise that manufactures and uses ground-based robotic complexes for active effects on atmospheric processes with the aim of regulating weather conditions and preventing extreme weather events.
The complexes realize a new universal method of active influence on the nature and intensity of atmospheric processes and meteorological phenomena by means of remote control of the regimes of phase transitions of atmospheric moisture.
A new method of influence is based on the latest advances in the study of physical phenomena in atmospheric processes and implements a reverse thermoacoustic effect in atmospheric moisture-containing air (Thermoacoustic Instability in Two-Dimensional Fluid Complex Plasmas. Nikita P. Kryuchkov, Egor V. Yakovlev, Evgeny A. Gorbunov,1 Lenaic Couëde, Andrey M. Lipaev and Stanislav O. Yurchenko,* PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 121, 075003 (2018), 075003-1 - 075003-6).
The method and device for its implementation received a decision on the grant of a patent of the Russian Federation for an invention under application No. 2010148748.
A new method of active influences uses highly directional low-frequency acoustic radiation. Radiation parameters is controlled by a computer of a robotic system that collects information about the meteorological situation and generates an impact program. The exposure to this radiation on the atmosphere causes additional clustering of moisture in the atmosphere and, thus, initiates the formation of a cumulus and cumulonimbus cloudiness.
The method is safe for the environment and the population, since the calculated intensity of environmental impacts corresponds to the intensity of natural and industrial acoustic noises.
The new method will allow:
Also, the method will allow to prevent forest and peat fires and to extinguish large natural and man-made fires.
The device for active influences on atmospheric processes is a robotic complex including a radiating acoustic antenna placed on the ground, formed by self-contained unified acoustic modules with pneumatic or electric drive and control from a central computer. The computer generates control commands for the modules according with the data of the sensor system of the complex, the local meteorological service, meteorological radars and meteorological satellites. The antenna creates highly directional infrasound radiation in the direction specified by the computer and scans a certain area of the atmosphere.
In particular, based on a new method of active influence on the atmosphere, an automatic system of protecting the US territory from extreme meteorological phenomena such as hurricanes and tornadoes can be created. To this end, robotic weather control systems should be located along the coast of the states of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida, along the "hurricane alley" in northern Louisiana and the states of Missouri, Oklahoma, Kansas and Illinois. Also along the east coast from New York to South Carolina to reduce the strength of the Atlantic hurricanes before they come ashore. Protecting all states exposed to hurricanes and tornadoes will require the creation of a system of 60-80 complexes.
To protect individual states or individual districts, regional systems can be established with a minimum number of complexes. The cost of the complexes will be from 12-13 to 25-28 million dollars, depending on the required capacity and location conditions.
These same complexes can prevent the formation of powerful atmospheric fronts or reduce their intensity, preventing floods and other natural disasters. To this end, coastal complexes will affect the air masses of cyclones, causing precipitation in the sea and preventing large amounts of moisture from being carried to land.
Another important result of the use of robotic complexes for monitoring weather conditions will be the prevention of forest fires, as well as the possibility of eliminating large natural and artificial fires in hard-to-reach places.
The work can be complete within 18-24 month.
Head of the Multi-Agent Systems Department of the Institute of Informatics and Problems of Regional Management - branch of Kabardino-Balkar Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, director of N'Art Robotics.
PhD in Physics Yurii Khamukov
Tel .: +7 903 495 1522; +7 8662 426552